“We don’t need dark matter
We don’t need dark energy.
Our electric formula for gravity does it all.”
Charles William Lucas
Electric Universe 2012 Conference
“It is now possible to describe a universal electrodynamic force law that completes the goals of 19th century science, deriving gravity and inertia as electrodynamic forces between neutral electric dipoles. This approach predicts more experimental phenomena, including the decay of gravity, than previous theories, and it offers a promising foundation for the unification of the theoretical sciences.”
It is an Electric Universe After All – excerpt ThunderboltsProject
” A very famous British engineer named Eric Laithwaite, the inventor of the high speed electric train, he did gyroscopic experiments, and he found that term (the second term of the Electrodynamic Force of inertia). And for finding it, all of his contracts with the British government were cancelled, his membership in the Royal Society was revoked, and he was declared a heretic. But his trains still work; theey are in Germany and Japan, and they should have been in Great Britain, and there is nothing wrong with his data, now that we have the proper theory for the force of inertia, and we know there is a second term.” – Charles William Lucas, Jr., Physicist
Mr. Lucas earned his doctorate in Intermediate Energy Physics from William and Mary in 1972. His important discoveries include a universal electrodynamic force law and a new theory of elementary particles in terms of closed charge loops giving rise to improved theories of the atom, the nucleus and molecules.
1) Eric Laithwaite
In the late 1940s, Professor Eric Laithwaite of Imperial College in London developed the first full-size working model of the linear induction motor. He became professor of heavy electrical engineering at Imperial College in 1964, where he continued his successful development of the linear motor. As the linear motor does not require physical contact between the vehicle and guideway, it became a common fixture on many advanced transportation systems being developed in the 1960s and 70s.(…)
2) The MAGLEV
The linear motor was naturally suited to use with maglev systems as well. In the early 1970s, Laithwaite discovered a new arrangement of magnets, magnetic river, that allowed a single linear motor to produce both lift as well as forward thrust, allowing a maglev system to be built with a single set of magnets. Working at the British Rail Research Division in Derby, along with teams at several civil engineering firms, the “traverse-flux” system was developed into a working system.
The first commercial maglev people mover was simply called “MAGLEV” and officially opened in 1984 near Birmingham, England. It operated on an elevated 600-metre (2,000 ft) section of monorail track between Birmingham International Airport and Birmingham International railway station, running at speeds up to 42 km/h (26 mph); the system was eventually closed in 1995 due to reliability problems.
3) Magnetic river
It consists of a thin conductive plate on an AC linear induction motor. Due to the transverse flux and the geometry, this gives it lift, stability and propulsion as well as being relatively efficient.
The levitation is 5 axis stable, and the remaining axis is neutrally stable, or can be biased to accelerate in either direction along the motor. Notably, laterally, it exhibits a ‘river bank’ effect, where moving the plate either side slightly causes the plate to rise on that side, and due to this the plate tries to return to the centre line under gravity.
4) From the Obituary of Professor Eric Laithwaite – (Independent.co.uk)
Another historical interest was the engineer Nikola Tesla, another independent- minded engineer who made great technical advances in conventional, rotating, electric motors, and who fell foul of the “establishment” for some of his unorthodox ideas.
In 1986 Laithwaite was delighted to receive the Tesla Award of the (American) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers “for contributions to the development and understanding of electric machines and especially of the linear induction motor”.
In his later years at Imperial College Laithwaite pursued his interest in gyroscopes; he felt their behaviour had never been adequately explained and they had properties which might be exploited in space travel. He sought to demonstrate his ideas and raise some of his questions in a Friday Evening Discourse at the Royal Institution. The attempt brought him much criticism and some personal hurt when colleagues dissociated themselves from him. But he persisted and, as a colleague observed recently, some of his questions remain unanswered.
5) The Universal Force – Derived From a More Perfect Union of – TCCSA, by Charles William Lucas (PDF/Adobe Acrobat file)
“The derived electrodynamic forces of gravity and inertia have a second term not found in previous theories. The second term for FG allows gravity to be quantized and to satisfy the modern version of Bode’s Law. The second term for FI allows an explanation of some puzzling gyroscope experiments of Eric Laithwaite that appear to defy Newton’s 2nd Law. Also these forces are undergoing decay, because in electrodynamics vibrating neutral electric dipoles are required to radiate continuously.
The decay of gravity allows an explanation of the earth’s expansion for which there is abundant data.
The decay of the force of inertia combined with conservation of energy allows an explanation of the higher than expected speeds of the material in the outer arms of spiral galaxies for which dark matter and dark energy were invented to explain in the past.
Thus the newly derived universal electrodynamic The derived electrodynamic forces of gravity and inertia have a second term not found in previous theories. The second term for FG allows gravity to be quantized and to satisfy the modern version of Bode’s Law. The second term for FI allows an explanation of some puzzling gyroscope experiments of Eric Laithwaite that appear to defy Newton’s 2nd Law. Also these forces are undergoing decay, because in electrodynamics vibrating neutral electric dipoles are required to radiate continuously. The decay of gravity allows an explanation of the earth’s expansion for which there is abundant data.
The decay of the force of inertia combined with conservation of energy allows an explanation of the higher than expected speeds of the material in the outer arms of spiral galaxies for which dark matter and dark energy were invented to explain in the past. Thus the newly derived universal electrodynamic force law has a legitimate claim to replace previous force laws based on simplicity (one universal force law), superior axioms (based on empirical laws, conservation of energy, Newton’s 3rd Law, nonlinear interactions, local contact forces), superior logic (no point particle approximation and notions not based on forces), and agreement with more experimental phenomenon (Bode’s Law for quantization of gravity, Eric Laithwaite’s gyroscope experiments, expansion of the earth and other astronomical bodies, and the high speed of matter in the outer arms of spiral galaxies).”
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