Can the quality of Canada’s soils affect Canada’s economy?
Benefits to Canadians
It is estimated that crop production in Canada has been reduced by between 5 and 10 percent from the loss of soil; this represents a loss of about $2 billion per year to Canadian agriculture and the Canadian economy (30 million hectares in field crops valued at $29 billion in 2012, AAFC 2013)ii .
What is Canada’s natural environment like?
Being a large country, Canada has a wide range of ecosystems. Lakes and rivers cover 7 percent of the country. The southern part of Canada is temperate and the northern regions are sub-Arctic and Arctic.. … Some of Canada’s biggest industries involve the extraction of natural resources, including oil, gas, and uranium.
Why the soil is important?
Soils provide anchorage for roots, hold water and nutrients. Soils are home to myriad micro-organisms that fix nitrogen and decompose organic matter, and armies of microscopic animals as well as earthworms and termites. … Soil plays a vital role in the Earth’s ecosystem. Without soil human life would be very difficult.
What is the most common soil type in Canada?
Humo-Ferric Podzols, the most common Podzolic soils in Canada, have a reddish-brown B horizon containing less than 5% organic carbon associated with aluminum and iron complexes.