How is tuberculosis monitored in Canada?

How is tuberculosis monitored?

New pulmonary TB patients with positive sputum smears at the start of treatment. These patients should be monitored by sputum smear microscopy at the end of the fifth and sixth months. If results at the fifth or sixth month are positive, a sputum specimen should be obtained for culture and DST.

Is TB a reportable disease in Canada?

Tuberculosis is a legally reportable disease in every Canadian province and territory. This means that cases must be reported to the corresponding provincial and territorial department of health.

How is TB treated in Canada?

TB medicine and treatment are free for most people in Canada. Some antibiotic medicines (antibiotics) can cure TB. They kill the tuberculosis germs. It usually takes two or more TB medicines to cure active TB disease.

Do people still get tuberculosis in Canada?

The rate of active tuberculosis in Canada is among the lowest in the world. Canada experienced a steady decrease in the rate of tuberculosis between the 1940s and 1980s. Since then, the annual rates have remained about the same. In 2017, the rate of active tuberculosis in Canada was 4.9 per 100,000 population.

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How do you monitor TB treatment?

Monitoring response to treatment is done through regular history taking, physical examination, chest radiograph and laboratory monitoring. The classic symptoms of TB – cough, sputum production, fever and weight loss – generally improve within the first few weeks.

What are the diagnostic tests for tuberculosis?

A complete medical evaluation for tuberculosis (TB) must include a medical history, a physical examination, a chest X-ray and microbiological examination (of sputum or some other appropriate sample). It may also include a tuberculin skin test, other scans and X-rays, surgical biopsy.

Does tuberculosis need to be reported?

Any patients with confirmed or suspected active TB disease are required by law to be reported within 1 working day of identification to the TB Control Section. This includes any patient that has started empiric multi-drug therapy for active pulmonary/extra-pulmonary TB.

How many cases of TB are there in Canada?

With a national rate of approximately 4.6 cases per 100 000 population, Canada is fortunate to have one of the lowest rates of TB in the world. The 2 highest-risk groups for TB in Canada are indigenous populations and immigrants from endemic countries. But there are other risk groups too.

How often should you get a TB test in Canada?

Health professionals often are given a tuberculin skin test when they begin work in a hospital or nursing home, with retesting every 6 to 12 months.

What happens if TB test is positive for Immigration Canada?

Being diagnosed with active TB disease does not affect your immigration status in Canada or your family’s status. TB treatment is free of charge in Ontario even if you do not have health insurance.

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Why do immigrants test positive for TB?

Testing and Diagnosis

Many people born outside of the United States have been given a vaccine for TB called BCG. Vaccination with BCG may cause a false positive reaction to a TB skin test. A positive reaction to a TB skin test may be due to the BCG vaccine itself or due to infection with TB bacteria.