G2 exit test – checklist
What is the significance of the Constitution Act, 1982?
The Constitution Act, 1982 is a landmark document in Canadian history. It achieved full independence for Canada by allowing the country to change its Constitution without approval from Britain. It also enshrined the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in Canada’s Constitution, the highest law of the land.
What is the 1982 Constitution Act of Canada?
The Constitution Act, 1982 contains the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and other provisions, including the rights of Indigenous peoples and the procedures for amending the Constitution of Canada. … It is set out in this consolidation as a separate Act after the Constitution Act, 1867 and the Canada Act 1982 .
What is the significance of Canada’s Constitution?
The Constitution of Canada includes the Constitution Act, 1867, and the Constitution Act, 1982. It is the supreme law of Canada. It reaffirms Canada’s dual legal system and also includes Aboriginal rights and treaty rights.
Why are the fundamental freedoms important in Canada?
These freedoms are set out in the Charter to ensure that Canadians are free to create and express their ideas, gather to discuss them and communicate them widely to other people. These activities are basic forms of individual liberty. They are also important to the success of a democratic society like Canada.
How did Canada get its Constitution?
In 1867, The British North American Act, which forms the basis of Canada’s current Constitution, was passed, establishing the Dominion of Canada – a self-governing part of the British Empire. The Act joined the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick together in one federal union.
How does the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protect us?
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Charter guarantees broad equality rights as well as fundamental freedoms, democratic rights, mobility rights, legal rights and language rights. … This means that governments must take the Charter into account in developing all laws and policies.
What is the most significant difference between the Canadian Bill of Rights and the Charter?
The Charter is a much broader human rights law. It also has greater power because it applies to both federal and provincial laws and actions. And unlike the Bill of Rights, the Charter is part of the Constitution — the highest law of the land.
What was added to the Constitution Act in 1982?
In addition to patriating the Constitution, the Constitution Act, 1982 enacted the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; guaranteed rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada; provided for future constitutional conferences; and set out the procedures for amending the Constitution in the future.
What is the meaning of patriation?
to transfer (legislation) to the authority of an autonomous country from its previous mother country.
Why is the Constitution Important?
A constitution is important because it ensures that those who make decisions on behalf of the public fairly represent public opinion. It also sets out the ways in which those who exercise power may be held accountable to the people they serve.
Why is administrative law important Canada?
Administrative law is based on the principle that government actions must (strictly speaking) be legal, and that citizens who are affected by unlawful government acts must have effective remedies. A strong administrative law system helps maintain public confidence in government authority.
What two principles was Canada founded on?
The Constitution of Canada was amended in 1982 to entrench the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which begins with the words, “Whereas Canada is founded upon principles that recognize the supremacy of God and the rule of law.” This phrase underlines the importance of religious traditions to Canadian society and …