What is discrimination Ontario?

Discrimination means unequal or different treatment or harassment that causes harm. The Ontario Human Rights Code is a provincial anti-discrimination law that applies to workplaces, housing, services, facilities, and to contracts or agreements. … Not all unfair treatment and not all harassment is covered by the Code.

What is the definition of discrimination in Canada?

Discrimination is an action or a decision that treats a person or a group badly for reasons such as their race, age or disability. These reasons, also called grounds, are protected under the Canadian Human Rights Act.

How do I prove discrimination in Ontario?

To prove discrimination, you must show that there is a connection (also referred to as the nexus or the link) between negative treatment that you experienced and one of the personal characteristics (or prohibited grounds of discrimination) listed in the the Code.

What are the 7 grounds of discrimination?

According to the Act, discrimination is prohibited on the following grounds: race, religious beliefs, colour, gender, gender identity, gender expression, physical disability, mental disability, age, ancestry, place of origin, marital status, source of income, family status or sexual orientation (Alberta Human Rights …

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What is the official definition for discrimination?

1 : the practice of unfairly treating a person or group differently from other people or groups of people The law prohibits discrimination against the disabled. 2 : the ability to see differences Police use a dog’s discrimination of smells.

What’s an example of discrimination?

Discrimination can be based on many different characteristics—age, gender, weight, ethnicity, religion, or even politics. For example, prejudice and discrimination based on race is called racism. Oftentimes, gender prejudice or discrimination is referred to as sexism.

What are 5 grounds of discrimination?

3 (1) For all purposes of this Act, the prohibited grounds of discrimination are race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, genetic characteristics, disability and conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been …

What can I do if I am being discriminated against at work?

If you feel you are being discriminated against in the workplace, take these steps.

  1. Remove the emotion. …
  2. Make a record of the offensive actions. …
  3. Consider alternatives. …
  4. Report the discrimination. …
  5. Be mindful of retaliation. …
  6. Get outside help to protect your rights.

Can I sue my employer for discrimination?

So if you have been discriminated against at work you might be able to take legal action against your employer for breaching your employment contract. Breach of contract claims can be legally complicated. If you think that you might have a breach of contract claim you should speak to a lawyer.

What are the grounds of discrimination?

Defining Discrimination and the Proscribed Grounds

  • RACE, COLOUR, ANCESTRY OR PLACE OF ORIGIN. …
  • POLITICAL BELIEF. …
  • RELIGION. …
  • MARITAL OR FAMILY STATUS. …
  • PHYSICAL OR MENTAL DISABILITY. …
  • SEX AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY OR EXPRESSION. …
  • AGE. …
  • CRIMINAL OR SUMMARY CONVICTION.
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How do you prove discrimination in court?

This requires a plaintiff to first establish a prima facie case of employment discrimination by demonstrating that she: (1) is a member of a protected class; (2) met her employer’s legitimate job performance expectations; (3) suffered an adverse employment action; and (4) another similarly situated employee outside of …

Is it illegal to discriminate Canada?

Canadians have the right to be treated fairly in workplaces free from discrimination, and our country has laws and programs to protect this right. The Canadian Human Rights Act is a broad-reaching piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity and other grounds.

What are human rights violations in Canada?

Human rights violations in Canada, and Ontario, include issues such as harassment in the workplace, unfair discrimination based on race, religion, colour, ethnicity, creed, sex (including maternity leave), gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, age, marital status, family status, disability or language, …