In Lower Canada, religious and political leaders reacted against its anti-French measures. In fact, the Act was unfair to Lower Canada, which had a larger population and a smaller debt. However, both Canadas agreed to work within the Act. This was largely due to the liberal influence of the united Reform Party.
What were the results of the Act of Union?
35), also known as the Act of Union 1840, (the Act) was approved by Parliament in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841, in Montreal. It abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and established a new political entity, the Province of Canada to replace them.
What happened during the Act of Union 1840?
In 1840 the Act of Union united Upper and Lower Canada into one Province of Canada. It enabled a single legislative council to govern with crown assent. The Act ruled that the assembly should consist of an equal number of representatives from both provinces.
How were Upper and Lower Canada different?
The names “upper” and “lower” come from their position along the St. Lawrence River. Upper Canada was up river, closer to the source and Lower Canada was down river, closer to the mouth of the great waterway. To travel “up river” you had to paddle against the current.
Why was Lower Canada called Lower Canada?
The prefix “lower” in its name refers to its geographic position farther downriver from the headwaters of the St. Lawrence River than its contemporary Upper Canada, present-day southern Ontario. Lower Canada was abolished in 1841 when it and adjacent Upper Canada were united into the Province of Canada.
Why did Upper and Lower Canada join?
The two colonies were created in 1791 with the passage of the Constitutional Act 1791. As a result of the influx of Loyalists from the American Revolutionary War, the Province of Quebec was divided into two new colonies, consisting of Lower and Upper Canada.
Why was the Act of Union not successful?
The Act naturally aroused considerable opposition. In Upper Canada, the Family Compact opposed union. In Lower Canada, religious and political leaders reacted against its anti-French measures. In fact, the Act was unfair to Lower Canada, which had a larger population and a smaller debt.
What does Lower Canada become?
Lower Canada was a British colony from 1791 to 1840. Its geographical boundaries comprised the southern portion of present-day Quebec. … In 1841, Upper Canada and Lower Canada were renamed Canada West and Canada East, respectively. They were united as the single colony of the Province of Canada.
Who opposed the Act of union?
The Union treaty upheld the Revolution by naming the Protestant Sophia of Hanover as Anne’s heir. The Jacobites therefore rejected the treaty and remained committed to the 1603 monarchical union, with separate kingdoms of Scotland and England under a Stuart monarch.
Why was union Act passed?
Following the Glorious Revolution of 1688, a Scottish Convention met in Edinburgh in April 1689 to agree a new constitutional settlement; during which the Scottish Bishops backed a proposed union in an attempt to preserve Episcopalian control of the kirk.
Why did the Upper and Lower Canada rebellions fail?
It was felt hardest by the colony’s farmers. They suffered a series of crop failures and were subject to harsh debt-collection laws. These grievances breathed life into the nascent Reform movement. Its members won control of the elected Legislative Assembly in 1828 and again in 1834.
Why did Britain create Upper Canada and Lower Canada?
Britain created Upper and Lower Canada to allow the Roman Catholic French and the Protestant English-speaking colonists to govern themselves separately. Upper Canada is where the Protestant English colonists lived, and Lower Canada is where the Roman Catholic French lived.